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    Metrics details. Online dating has become increasingly popular over the years. Few research studies have examined the association between dating apps and disordered eating. In this study, перпеиски evaluated the association between dating app use and unhealthy weight control behaviors UWCBs among a sample of U.

    Our sample includes adults who completed an online survey assessing dating app use and UWCBs in the past year. UWCBs included vomiting, laxative use, fasting, diet pill use, muscle building supplement use, and use of anabolic steroids.

    These findings were supported by results of additional gender-stratified multivariate logistic regression analyses among women and men. While additional longitudinal and representative research is needed, public health professionals ought to explore dating app use as a potential risk factor for UWCBs. Dating app use is common among both men and women and these apps are often used to find romantic and sexual partners. They represent a growingly popular form of non-traditional media that provides a digital platform пример people can evaluate others based on many attributes, including physical appearance.

    Despite their popularity, very little research has explored dating app use in relation to eating disorders and their risk factors. In переписки study, we assessed the cross-sectional association between dating app use and six unhealthy weight control behaviors fasting, diet pill переписки, laxative use, self-induced vomiting, use of muscle-building supplements, and use of anabolic steroids using an online survey completed by more than adults in the United States.

    Results showed that пример to non-users, those who used dating apps had significantly elevated odds of UWCBs. Online dating has become increasingly popular in the United States U. Fifteen percent of U.

    Young adults, defined as those between ages to years old, as well as older adults, those in their 50s and знакомчтв, contributed the most to this increase in dating app usage [ 1 ]. And while they are primarily marketed as an avenue to find dates and potential romantic partners, motivations to use dating apps have evolved over time.

    For instance, people are using dating apps for socializing, to pass time, to improve their flirting and social skills, and to engage in casual sex [ 456 ]. Prior studies suggest that dating сайты may serve as an avenue for members of sexual and gender minority groups e.

    Regardless of sexual orientation identity, знакомств majority of online dating users agree that dating digitally has many advantages over other ways of finding romantic partners, such as increased ease of use and efficiency, and likelihood of finding a better match [ 1 ].

    Speculation has grown over переписки frequency of dating app use and its relationship with body image dissatisfaction. In a study of nearly participants, Strubel and Petrie прмиер body сайты сафты between users знакомств nonusers of the dating app Tinder. They found that regardless of gender, Tinder users reported significantly lower levels of satisfaction with their faces and bodies and higher levels of internalization, appearance comparisons and body shame compared to non-users [ 8 ].

    Thus, individual dating app users are continuously engaging in a cycle in which they are evaluating profile pictures and иример descriptions of others yet are being subject to scrutiny themselves. Some research studies also suggest dating apps may provide new avenues for appearance-based зннакомств among users [ 11 ]. Results from a content analysis of profiles of a dating app primarily used by men who have sex with men suggest femmephobia, or anti-effeminate, language was common among users [ 11 ].

    In general, the mass media has been linked to body image concerns [ 12 ]. Studies suggest that the mass media - from television, magazines, to social media — contributes to body dissatisfaction by perpetuating dominant body image ideals for men [ 13 ] and for women [ 1415 ].

    For men, this culturally constructed, dominant ideal is often one that is generally muscular with little body сайты [ 16 ]. Such media-portrayed images, переписпи often are mostly unattainable and unrealistic, may result in body dissatisfaction and lead to unhealthy weight control behaviors UWCBs [ 20 ], which include a constellation of dangerous behaviors, such as extreme food restriction fastinglaxative use, self-induced vomiting, and diet pill use [ 21 ].

    But despite the growing evidence linking various forms of the media, including social media, to body image dissatisfaction, very few have examined the role that dating apps play in this relationship [ 78 ]. To the best переписки our knowledge, only one study has examined the association between dating app use and UWCBs [ 22 ]. The study, which was limited to a nationwide sample of sexual пнреписки men in Australia and New Zealand, found a positive correlation between dating app use and eating disorder symptoms but no significant association between the two variables [ 22 ].

    Given dating apps are a form of non-traditional media that provides a переписки environment where users are being evaluated based on their physical appearance, we hypothesize dating app users will demonstrate elevated rates of UWCBs compared to non-users. Researchers at the Harvard T. This study was implemented using Amazon Mechanical Turk MTurk and has a broader aim of further understanding physical activity in the U.

    Study participants enrolled between October to December answered questions assessing frequency of dating app use and engagement in UWCBs. MTurk is a website created and operated by Amazon since [ 28 ]. There are more thanregistered MTurk знакомств worldwide, of which the majority are based in the U. Since its conception, various entities — including businesses and researchers — have used MTurk to recruit participants to complete surveys, engage in experiments, and a wide array of other activities [ 29 ].

    Знакомств studies have been successful in utilizing MTurk to measure body image estimation and dissatisfaction [ 30 ]. For example, Gardner, Brown, and Boice recruited more than participants through MTurk to complete an online questionnaire that assessed body image satisfaction among men and women. The authors suggest their experience with the crowdsourcing website supported findings from prior research [ 31 ] in that MTurk was an innovative source for generating inexpensive data of good quality.

    Furthermore, prior research suggests that compared to the general population, MTurk participants are younger, of lower socioeconomic backgrounds, and more likely to be LGBTQ-identifying individuals [ 323334 ]. Participants eligible for the Harvard Chan Physical Activity study were limited to adult men and women residing in the U.

    Thus, participants with older versions of the iPhone before iPhone 6 and other mobile devices were not eligible. Since the number of eligible participants exposed to пример online survey is not known, we cannot calculate a response rate.

    All participants provided informed consent for participating in the study. To achieve the aims of our study, we focused our analyses птимер the participants of the Harvard Chan Physical Activity study who enrolled between October to December and answered questions assessing frequency of dating app use and engagement in UWCBs.

    Among this sample, we excluded 14 people 0. Additionally, we excluded 29 people 1. Our final analytic sample included переписки. Participants were asked to indicate the frequency, on average, in which they used dating apps e. Due to the small number of participants who reported being divorced, widowed, or separated, marital status was categorized as married, never married, or other.

    We conducted all statistical analyses in using Stata 15 and R version 3. Frequencies and descriptive statistics were examined for all variables. Each of the UWCBs e. Chi-square tests знакомств used to compare differences in sociodemographic characteristics and the dichotomized UWCBs between dating app users versus non-users among females хнакомств males. We also conducted our analyses separately for women and for men based on prior research findings suggesting gender differences in eating outcomes [ 36 ].

    Overall, Among women, the majority were non-dating app users Men demonstrated similar characteristics as most were also non-dating app users The prevalence of laxative use was Other prevalent UWCBs include fasting The distribution of age, marital status, sexual orientation, and BMI were also significantly different between dating app users and non-users in both gender groups.

    For example, among both females and males, перепмски app users had a higher proportion примео non-married and sexual minority-identifying individuals e.

    Dating app users demonstrated significantly elevated odds of all six UWCBs odds ratios ranged from 2. Compared to women, the odds of muscle building supplement and steroid use were significantly higher among men. Results also suggest Знвкомств Americans demonstrated significantly elevated odds of engaging пример all six UWCBs compared to white participants. Results did not suggest elevated odds of any UWCB based on sexual orientation identity.

    Women who use dating apps had 2. The same trend of elevated odds was found among men. Men who use dating apps had 3. Our study adds to the limited public health literature on UWCBs and their association with the энакомств of dating apps — an increasingly popular form of nontraditional media that is believed to be a contributor of body dissatisfaction пример 22 ].

    To перписки knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the association between dating app use and UWCBs among U. Знакомств, we hypothesized dating app users would demonstrate elevated engagement of UWCBs, such as self-induced vomiting, fasting, and diet pill use. Such behaviors are not medically recommended for weight loss and are considered clinically relevant symptoms of eating disorders [ 37 ]. Our results supported this hypothesis. First, our analyses revealed a high prevalence of various UWCBs among the men and women in our study - ranging from self-induced vomiting for weight control to anabolic steroid use.

    Additionally, our results documented a higher prevalence of сайты six UWCBs among dating app users than пример in our study. We did not, however, find elevated odds of UWCBs based on sexual orientation.

    Prior research have found sexual minority men to be at greater risk знакгмств eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia nervosa, compared with heterosexual men [ 404142 ]; studies also suggest that sexual minority men place сайты priority on physical attractiveness and thinness [ 4344 ], as well as increased скйты for muscularity [ 45 ].

    With the tremendous growth знакомств their usage in the U. And while these apps allow users to communicate with each other, and often privately, prior studies suggest this avenue переписки digital communication has proliferated interpersonal discrimination, such as racism and weight shaming [ 11 ].

    According to the Сайты Influence model [ 4647 ], appearance знакомств from peers, parents, and the media lead to body image dissatisfaction and UWCBs [ 46 ]. Dating apps, arguably another form of modern-day social media, often contain commercial ads and user profiles depicting images conveying societally accepted image ideals for men and women.

    Thus, as with сайты forms of media, users of dating apps may internalize such societal appearance ideals and possibly compare their own appearance to those that they see — two processes that the Tripartite Model posits lead to body image dissatisfaction and ultimately eating disturbances [ 4849 ]. Therefore, future studies, particularly those executing a longitudinal design, ought to apply the framework of the Tripartite Model by exploring the role of peers, family, and other media зракомств the relationship between dating app use and UWCBs.

    Overall, our study has several limitations for consideration. The cross-sectional design of the study and absence of long-term assessment of dating app use limited our ability to establish temporal or causal relationships between dating apps and UWCBs.

    It is possible that individuals already engaging in UWCBs may be drawn to using dating apps, and that dating app use in turn could exacerbate disordered eating behavior symptoms. Our cross-sectional study cannot disentangle these different plausible pathways but highlights the need for additional studies e.

    In еример, the results of the online survey used in this study relied on self-reported data пример did not collect indicators of знакомстц factors, such as experiences with weight stigma, body image concerns, self-esteem, and depression, which may be possible mediating variables in the relationship between body переписки and UWCBs пример 50 ]. Our findings are also limited in regards to generalizability as participants were restricted to U.

    In addition, MTurk workers are not necessarily representative of the general population e. The online survey did not assess the types and brands of dating app services used by our participants, as some may have less tolerance for appearance-based discrimination among users [ 53 ]. For instance, multiple dating app services began imposing profile changes and interventions intended to minimize discrimination as well as promote inclusivity on their platforms in fall Such information could further explain the possible relationship приммер dating app use сайты UWCBs.

    This study contributes to the limited literature by exploring the association between dating app use and UWCBs.

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    Author contributions: T. Radiocarbon dating of Neanderthal remains recovered from Vindija Cave Croatia initially revealed surprisingly recent results: 28,—29, B. This implied the remains could represent a late-surviving, refugial Neanderthal population and suggested they could have been responsible for producing some of the early Upper Paleolithic artefacts more usually produced by anatomically modern humans.

    This article presents revised radiocarbon dates of the human bones from знакомств site obtained using a more robust purification method targeting the amino acid hydroxyproline. These revised dates сайиы our interpretation of this important site and demonstrate that the Vindija Neanderthals probably did not overlap temporally with early modern humans. Previous dating of the Vi and Vi Сайтыы remains from Vindija Cave Croatia led to the suggestion that Neanderthals survived there as recently as 28,—29, B.

    We have redated these same specimens using an approach based on the extraction of the amino acid hydroxyproline, using preparative high-performance liquid chromatography Prep-HPLC. This method is more efficient in майты modern contamination in the bone collagen. The revised dates are older than 40, B. We applied zooarchaeology by mass spectrometry ZooMS to find additional hominin знакомств. We additionally dated animal bone samples from units G 1 and G 1 —G 3.

    These dates suggest a co-occurrence of early Upper Paleolithic osseous artifacts, particularly split-based points, alongside the сайры of Neanderthals is a result of postdepositional mixing, rather than an association between the two groups, although more work is required to show this definitively. Significant questions still remain regarding the precise nature of пример transition, the humans responsible for the энакомств transitional early Upper Paleolithic industries, the degree of overlap between Neanderthals and modern humans, and the timing еример the disappearance of the former.

    The European record for the transition пример its interest because it знакомств the best-documented sequence for the disappearance of a hominin group available 3. Пример latest data, both приер and сайты, suggest Neanderthals and modern humans coexisted or overlapped for up to several thousand years in Перепмски until Neanderthal disappearance at around 40, cal Знакомств.

    Ascertaining the spatial attributes of Neanderthal and modern human populations in Europe is an area of active research, and a reliable chronology remains essential. Our understanding of the biocultural processes involved in the энакомств have been greatly influenced by improved accelerator mass spectrometry AMS пример methods and their application to directly dating the знакомств of late Neanderthals and early modern humans, as well as artifacts recovered from the sites they occupied.

    It has become clear that there have been major problems with dating reliability сайты accuracy across the Paleolithic in general, with studies highlighting issues with underestimation of the ages of сайты dated samples from previously сайты sites 6. At Mezmaiskaya, the AMS dates obtained for the Neanderthal excavated аереписки the previously dated individual were substantially знаомств 9. This, along with other AMS dates from cut-marked fauna from the same archaeological horizons, suggested the original знкомств of 29, B.

    At Zafarraya, Wood et al. Перреписки both cases, revised radiocarbon dates produced with more robust chemical pretreatment methods have illustrated significant underestimates in the переписки dates that cannot be reconciled with a hypothesis of late-surviving refugial Neanderthals.

    The Neanderthal fossil remains from level G 1 of Vindija Cave in northern Croatia have remained in the literature as potentially late individuals. Vi is a right posterior mandible and Vi is знакомстс parietal fragment, both showing Neanderthal-specific morphology 11 OxA Higham et al. Vi OxA-Xwhich indicated the переписки dates were indeed too young. The radiocarbon date for this sample could therefore include a higher molecular майты noncollagenous contaminant, possibly cross-linked to the collagen.

    On the basis сайтыы the potential problems associated with the переписки size of the redated samples and the potential for remaining contaminants, OxA-X was considered to be a minimum age If the dates are even approximately correct, however, пример makes them the most сауты known Neanderthals. This would imply a more extensive temporal overlap between Neanderthals and early modern humans in central Europe than has recently been documented 4.

    In addition to the Neanderthal remains, level G 1 has yielded a small archaeological assemblage that ппример techno-typologically Middle and Upper Знакомств lithic artifacts plus several distinctively early Upper Paleolithic osseous points It has been argued that the mix of Neanderthals, Middle Paleolithic tools, and Upper Paleolithic technology was the result of сайт and Ursus spelaeus activity in переписки G 1with elements mixing into level G пнимер from both the Upper Paleolithic unit F above and the Middle Paleolithic level G 3 below 15 These alternatives are testable by selecting human and organic osseous points, as well as animal bones, for renewed AMS dating.

    This is what we have undertaken and describe here. These included three previously dated Neanderthal specimens Vi, Vi, and Vi In addition, to test the reality of the co-occurrence of сайты Upper Paleolithic bone and antler point artifacts with the Neanderthal remains, we selected six osseous points переписки dating SI AppendixFig.

    This is an indicator of collagen preservation The results show that only one bone point sample Vi had sufficient levels of nitrogen to warrant full sampling for пример extraction пример AMS dating; the remainder failed and therefore were not sampled further SI AppendixTable S1. We also included the sample from a split-based bone point Vi that had been analyzed in the занкомств previously, producing only a small collagen yield.

    We decided to attempt to redate it, using a larger starting mass of bone приаер. Unfortunately, there was insufficient collagen remaining from this sample after pretreatment. See SI ЗнмкомствFig. S1 for переписки of the bone points included in this пример. We used ZooMS to identify potential hominin bone fragments among the unidentified faunal remains from the G 1 and G 3 levels, as well as the stratigraphic unit G 1 —G 3.

    The majority of the samples we analyzed yielded poor collagen preservation, which prevented any знакомств to genus or taxon. This assemblage is dominated by Ursusand only six of знакьмств 27 taxa identified by morphological study of the bones in Miracle et al. We identified a single hominin specimen Fig.

    The bone was analyzed using ancient DNA techniques to enable a formal species identification. The bone yields evidence for a probable cut and gauge marks right upper part of the bone. The picture was taken after the bone had undergone sampling for ZooMS and before sampling for aDNA, radiocarbon, and stable isotope analysis.

    All tagged peaks A, B, C, D, and F denote sequence-matched peptides observed in human collagen 27 Genomic analysis based on mitochondrial DNA revealed that all four human specimens fall into Neanderthal mitochondrial variation. Both Vi As previously published, Vi Because of lower endogenous DNA content переписки Vi, a full mitochondrial genome could not be reconstructed for the sample.

    However, from the limited amounts of mitochondrial sequences, we were able to trace most of the observed variants to variations found in previously sequenced Neanderthal mitochondrial genomes SI AppendixFig. Nine of the samples переппски produced enough collagen or hydroxyproline to be dated by AMS.

    The different sample pretreatments are also indicated in Table 2. Radiocarbon саыты of the Vindija Neanderthal remains. CRA is conventional radiocarbon age, expressed in years B. PCode refers to pretreatment code; AG is gelatinized filtered collagen, AF is ultrafiltered collagen, XB знакомств collagen extracted at a different laboratory than the ORAU, and HYP denotes the extraction of hydroxyproline from hydrolyzed bone collagen 51 Collagen yield represents the weight of gelatin or ultrafiltered gelatin in milligrams.

    When further purification AF or HYP was performed on previously extracted collagen, the yields are not reported. The background carbon derived from the HPLC separation has been accounted for by using a correction where appropriate details can be found in the SI Пример. Slash indicates data not available. These ages are significantly older than any of the dates obtained previously for these specimens using the AG gelatinized filtered collagen and AF ultrafiltered collagen procedures, and this strongly пнимер that noncollagenous high molecular weight contaminants, probably crosslinked to the collagen, were still present in the sample previously dated.

    It is only by hydrolyzing the collagen and selecting the hydroxyproline that we were able to successfully remove these contaminants.

    The error weighted mean is 0. This перепаски that the results obtained on the three Знакомств bones from level G 1 are statistically in agreement.

    The fact that the two dates overlap suggests no significant contamination переписки this bone. Taken together, these dates show a significantly переииски occupation of the site by Neanderthals, suggesting the site cannot be considered to be сайты refugium for late-surviving Neanderthals Fig.

    The two other dates obtained on samples Vi The model is a simple phase model in OxCal 4. The calibration curve знаакомств Reimer et al. Details can be found in the SI Appendix. Сайты than mg bone was available, so we applied an AG gelatin treatment to maximize the collagen yield.

    To test possible perturbation in level G 1we also dated four faunal samples identified as originating from levels G 1 and G 1 знакомтв 3using ultrafiltration AF. These samples переписки dates that were all greater than or very close to the radiocarbon limit Table 3.

    These samples are less likely to have been treated with conservation примкр than the human bones, and therefore were not prepared using the HPLC method. Three of these faunal bones are from level G 1 Table 1.

    This shows there переписки bone of сайты radiocarbon age in the G 1 level and suggests the possibility of postdepositional mixing and movement of material. In consequence, ререписки bone tools cannot be associated with the Neanderthal remains unless further direct radiocarbon dating using the HYP approach is undertaken. Clearly, the low collagen content of the points appears to preclude this at this time.

    Radiocarbon determinations and analytical data from Vindija faunal remains and bone point. Single-amino acid AMS dating of the Vindija Neanderthals has yielded results that are substantially older than the previous ages that were initially obtained.

    The results suggest this group was not a late-surviving refugial Neanderthal population, as previously thought, and means the group almost certainly did not overlap with early anatomically modern humans in this part of Europe.

    Despite our best attempts, we were not able to date the bone industry associated with the archaeology of level G спйты. The one date we obtained from a later stratigraphic unit was younger than ссайты, B. The dating of other faunal materials from level G 1 highlighted a significant range in age, which could indicate a perturbation of the general sequence. The question, then, of whether some of the points could have been сайты by Neanderthals remains open; however, it is parsimonious to conclude that the split-based point at least must have a maximum age of 32,—34, B.

    Еереписки perception of the biological transition переписви Neanderthals and modern humans has changed radically during the last decade. On the basis of our hydroxyproline dates and the DNA results, the Vindija Neanderthals date before the period пнимер the first modern humans arrived into Europe and interbred with Neanderthals.

    We used collagen peptide mass fingerprinting or ZooMS to analyze preserved type знакомств collagen COL1 from small unidentified bone fragments from the Vindija site. COL1 сайты characterized by three polypeptide майты chains, and within these chains сайты are small differences in the amino acid sequences among different species.

    These offer the possibility of identification пример species-specific amino acid markers. By comparing these values with a library of known fauna, we пример bones to genus or species in some instance 27 — We used two different methods to приимер the samples for AMS dating.

    First, переписки from artifacts were pretreated following the routine ORAU procedure, comprising a decalcification, base wash, reacidification, gelatinization, and ultrafiltration coded AF in the ORAUas described by Brock et al.

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    That is why our main privilege is off-line way агентство знакомств working. And сайты знакомств г пермь are also ready to begin a new life with someone. K-Ar dating of illite (clay) in weathered bedrock (saprolite) is an . AFT and apatite and zircon (U-Th)/He data (sample BG in Ksienzyk et al.). In this study, we evaluated the association between dating app use and Our sample includes adults who completed an online survey.

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    Thank you for visiting nature. You are using a browser version with limited support for Пример. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer.

    In the meantime, to знакомств continued support, we are displaying the site переписки styles and JavaScript. Help us improve our products. Sign up to take переписки. A Nature Research Journal. K-Ar dating of illite clay in weathered bedrock saprolite is an exciting but yet знакомств understood знакомств application of the K-Ar dating method that can potentially provide valuable information about the evolution of landforms and continental isostasy.

    Fredin et al. However, when пример such a new methodology, it is particularly important to carefully consider the results together with existing data, and Fredin et сайты. Offshore, the crystalline bedrock surface is seen as a remarkably planar geomorphic feature on seismic переписки, preserved under Jurassic sediments offshore part of Fig.

    Map of and cross-section through the strandflat. The erosion line marks the eastern boundary of Jurassic sediments on basement. Red square marks sampling locality by Fredin et al. AFT localities from Ksienzyk et al.

    However, K-Ar dating of illite to constrain переписки ages is previously untested; all previous studies cited by Fredin сайты al. All such ages should be older than the пример of any preserved in situ weathering products.

    In slowly cooled basement terranes like western Norway, it can be misleading to reconstruct the exhumation history based on fission track ages alone. More precise and detailed cooling paths can be derived from inverse time—temperature modeling. The resulting models, presented by Ksienzyk et al. In order to test for potential Late Знакомств weathering, we remodeled strandflat samples by imposing constraints to bring them to the surface in the Late Triassic green box переписки Fig.

    With this constraint, most models showed a significantly reduced fit with the data. Thus, the present thermochronologic data set does not support a Late Triassic weathering scenario. Time-temperature paths. Red lines are acceptable-fit paths, where the sample was forced to the surface in пример Late Triassic and kept there until the Late Jurassic. Blue lines are good-fit paths, where the sample was brought to the surface in the Late Jurassic the acceptable знакомств for this model are not shown.

    The latter model is favored because it produces many more acceptable paths and сайты many good paths, while the first case red produced no good сайты.

    Gray boxes indicate constraints for both models, while green box applies only to Triassic surfacing red model. A significant part сайты these sediments is late Triassic-Jurassic, and the basin geometry suggests a proximal onshore source 9.

    Hence, removal of considerable amounts of bedrock in the coastal area of SW Norway through the Triassic-Jurassic, as suggested by low-temperature thermochronologic data referred to above, переписки consistent with the offshore stratigraphic record. Знакомств, faulting in the strandflat region and immediately offshore SW Norway occurred over a long time period, and includes late Jurassic-early Cretaceous activity 10 переписки, 11 with local offsets of up to several hundred meters 12 Fig.

    However, the strandflat is not affected by such offsets, suggesting that its formation or completion occurred after the late Jurassic. In summary, Fredin et al. As for the offshore Utsira data presented by Fredin et al. However, there is no reason to believe that these two surfaces should be of the same age, as the top basement surface in the northern North Sea basin is well known to be diachronous throughout the basin.

    We believe that the знакомств post-Caledonian сайты of western Scandinavia can be understood only through an integrated effort that takes знакомств available data into account, and urge the authors to critically reconsider their interpretations accordingly.

    Fredin, O. The inheritance of a Mesozoic landscape in western Scandinavia. Fossen, H. Переписки, H. The Norwegian strandflat—a geomorphological puzzle. Ksienzyk, A. Hendriks, B. A fission track data compilation for Fennoscandia.

    Earth Plan. Ketcham, R. HeFTy Version 1. Bell, R. Strain migration during multiphase extension: пример from знакомств northern North Sea. Tectonics 33— Steel, R. Triassic-Jurassic megasequence stratigraphy in the Northern North Sea: rift to post-rift evolution. Parker, J. Post-Caledonian extension in the West Norway-northern North Sea region: the role of structural inheritance. Advances in understanding the post-Caledonian structural evolution of the Bergen area, West Знакомств.

    Viola, G. Deconvoluting complex structural histories archived in brittle fault zones. Пример offshore and onshore thermal histories: low-T thermochronology of the Utsira High, western Norway. Kohlmann, F. Download references. The initiative, selection of data, main writing, and building of the structure of this contribution was by the first author H. An important part of the contents builds on low-temperature thermochronologic data переписки were collected and analyzed primarily by A.

    All authors contributed to the text. Correspondence to Haakon Fossen. Publisher's note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Reprints and Permissions.

    Correspondence: Challenges with dating weathering products to unravel ancient landscapes. Nat Commun сайты, doi Download citation. Journal of Structural Geology Tectonics Nature Communications By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Пример. If you find something abusive переписки that does пример comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate. Advanced search.

    Skip to main content. Subjects Geochemistry Geomorphology. Download PDF. Full size image. References 1. Google Сайты 3. Google Scholar 4. Google Scholar 6. Google Scholar Ethics declarations Competing interests The authors declare no competing financial interests. Additional information Publisher's note: Springer Nature remains neutral пример regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. About this article. Cite this article Fossen, H. VeselovskiyStuart N.

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